The physicians at Chelsea Fertility NYC each have over 25 years of experience in IVF treatment with acclaimed success working with patients from all across the United States, in addition to providing international IVF treatment. Your physicians at Chelsea Fertility NYC are actively involved in the development and evolution of IVF and ART. They understand why treatments work, when they are most beneficial and what realistic alternatives are. Additionally, they understand what doesn’t work and will listen to your needs, and make sure you are given options and alternatives for your family building success. During your treatment cycle, many team members, in addition to your individual physician, will participate in your care.
Advanced infertility procedures require time and energy, as well as an emotional and financial commitment. Our entire staff will make every effort to provide you with personal and compassionate care in order to make this process as comfortable and manageable as possible.
When is IVF Recommended?
IVF may be recommended when other treatments (such as intrauterine insemination, IUI) have not been successful, or immediately as a first step in treatment. Such cases occur when there is severe male factor infertility or severe female factor infertility such as advanced endometriosis, tubal obstruction advanced age, or poor ovarian reserve.
The IVF Process
In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) is an assisted reproductive technology procedure (ART) in which a women’s eggs are fertilized by sperm in a laboratory instead of inside the fallopian tube (in –vivo). IVF is the most advanced ART procedure available today, and it is a highly effective, safe form of fertility treatment which has evolved over 25 years.
Every cycle of IVF involves multiple steps, and each occurs at a specific time during a four to six-week period. The following is an overview of the IVF process, which begins in the month proceeding the actual IVF treatment cycle.
An IVF cycle typically includes the following steps/procedures:
- Medications to grow multiple eggs; average 9-11 days
- Retrieval of eggs from the ovary or ovaries
- Insemination of eggs with sperm, fertilization, ICSI
- Culture of any resulting fertilized eggs (embryos) for several days (2-5 days)
- Placement (“transfer”) of one or more embryo(s) into the uterus; procedure similar to IUI
- Support of the uterine lining with hormones to implant and sustain pregnancy
In select and indicated cases, these additional procedures can be employed:
- Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) to improve the fertilization rate
- Assisted hatching of embryos to increase the chance of embryo attachment (“implantation”)
- Embryo cryopreservation (freezing) to allow for future potential use of quality embryos
Click here for a complete overview of The In Vitro Fertilization Process.
IVF & ICSI
ICSI is the great equalizer for male factor infertility and allows for optimization of egg fertilization. ICSI, or intracytoplasmic sperm injection is a technique that injects the sperm into the egg. Its use came of age in the late 1990s and has been considered one of the landmark breakthroughs in fertility treatment. Sperm used in the ICSI technique can be freshly ejaculated or frozen and thawed without any compromise in efficacy. ICSI is so powerful that even men without sperm in their ejaculate or very low numbers can have children using this procedure once the sperm is surgically harvested directly from the testes or vas deferens.
Although ICSI is not necessary for all IVF cases, it is often recommend to improve fertilization rates especially when egg yield is compromised. Standard conventional IVF (without ICSI) is certainly an option for patients, and the decision to perform ICSI will be made as part of an informed process between you and your doctor at Chelsea Fertility NYC. Please note that ICSI per se does not increase the risk over non-ICSI standard IVF for children born with these procedures as compared to infertility patients in general.
IVF Success Rates
The physicians of Chelsea Fertility NYC maintain availability of all assisted reproductive resources to their patients in order to treat them the way they want to and should be treated. Our fertility doctors follow ASRM and SART guidelines. We will always provide a balanced and transparent assessment of prognosis with options and alternatives. Ultimately, pregnancy success rates and delivery success rates are directly related to embryo quality and /or egg quality which are biologically intrinsic to the process.
Success varies with many factors, some of which include:
- The age of the woman when she is using her own eggs.
- The number of embryos that are transferred.
- The quality of the embryos, i.e. its genetic integrity which is a derivative of egg and sperm (gamete) quality.
We invite you to learn more about IVF Success Rates at Chelsea Fertility NYC.